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2020, Volume 106, Issue I

Effectiveness of social rehabilitation measures against young offenders in Hungarian prisons


Orsolya Czenczer1
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1-, Narodowy Uniwersytet Służby Publicznej w Budapeszcie


Author for correspondence: Orsolya Czenczer; -, Narodowy Uniwersytet Służby Publicznej w Budapeszcie; email: -

Orsolya Czenczer: -



Full text

Summary (original language)

Hungary adopted a new prison law in 2015. The former prison law, adopted during the communist era, had been in effect for more than three-and-a-half decades. During the past quarter-century − but especially in the last 10 years − legislators had attempted to enact a new Code of Correction, but it is only recently that this purpose has been achieved. There were several concepts and drafts of legal texts prepared by successive ministries of justice, and there was also professional discussion and public debate. These drafts and debates often carried proposals for the situation of juveniles to be addressed in a separate law or even in subsidiary legal regulations. In the set of rules and principles of the new Code, a matter of utmost importance is the need to learn about the situation of each juvenile in full detail, utilizing all information obtained from his/her former social environment (family, school, civic organizations). With knowledge of this, a personalized reintegration plan should be worked out during the time of detention. In the framework of this plan − and during the whole correctional process − mistakes of insufficient or failed socialization should be corrected. The most important fields of activity for this purpose are moral education, general education and training, and work experience.
 


Key words

juvenile prison, juvenile delinquency, prison system, Hungarian prison system.